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Test: HTML links example 4 - A visited link

Screen Reader support level: supported

Voice Control support level: supported

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About this test

A visited link

Run this test and and submit your results

Age of results

Results in this test range from a year ago to a year ago. See detailed information about test dates and versions for more information.

Caution

Failing or partial results may be out of date. The oldest result is from a year ago. Consider running this test and contributing results.

Test HTML

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Summary of Screen Reader support by expectation

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Summary of Voice Control support by expectation

hyperlink element
ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
ChromeChromeSafariSafariChrome
MUST convey its namesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey its rolesupportedsupportednot applicablesupportedsupported

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Detailed support results by expectation

Expectation for the hyperlink element: convey its name

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

Rationale:

A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples:

  • A screen reader might announce a link as something like "<name>, link"
  • Voice control software might let a user say something like "click <name>"

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Dragon Naturally Speaking and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: successfully activated
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Voice Access (Android) and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link was activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap you visited this link"
Voice Control (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Tap <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Voice Control (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Tap <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link was activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap you visited this link"
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Voice Control (MacOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link was clicked
    • Command Notes: said "click you visited this link"
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visisted, link"
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was activated
    • Command Notes: said "click you visited this link"

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: convey its name

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44yes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was activated
    • Command Notes: said "click you visited this link"
Back to top

Expectation for the hyperlink element: convey its role

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

Rationale:

A screen reader user needs to know how they can interact with the element. Voice control software might use the role to help users activate controls that do not have a visible name.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples:

  • A screen reader might announce a link as something like "<name>, link"
  • Voice control software might let a user say something like "click link"

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Click <role> (Click Type)
      1. Launch Dragon Naturally Speaking and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: Click <role> (Click Type)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: flagged as a link to choose from
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Voice Access (Android) and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role is flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Voice Control (MacOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visisted, link"
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: convey its role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44yes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
Back to top

Expectation for the hyperlink element: convey the boundaries of the element

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

Rationale:

A user needs to know when they enter and exit an element

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples:

  • A screen reader might announce an inline link as something like "<name>, link"
  • A screen reader might announce when it enter and exits a links the spans multiple lines.
  • A screen reader might announce the link role for every line that the links spans

Grading method:

All of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visisted, link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: convey the boundaries of the element

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-
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Expectation for the hyperlink element: convey the visited state

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

Rationale:

A user might want to know that they have already visted the link

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MAY
  • Voice Control: NA

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-
JAWSChromepartial
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
JAWSIEpartial
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
JAWSFirefoxpartial
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link. link"
NarratorEdgenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
TalkBackChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visisted, link"
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Command + V (Next Visited Link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Command + V (Next Visited Link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: convey the visited state

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-
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Expectation for the hyperlink element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

Rationale:

Screen reader users might want to quickly navigate to elements of this type.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Insert + F3 (Open element list)
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: (included in list of links)
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use u (Next unvisited link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: u (Next unvisited link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Insert + F3 (Open element list)
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: (included in list of links)
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use u (Next unvisited link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: u (Next unvisited link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Insert + F3 (Open element list)
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: (included in list of links)
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use u (Next unvisited link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: u (Next unvisited link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited link, You've already visited this link."
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use k (Next link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: k (Next link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "link, You've already visited this link"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: (included in the list of links)
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use v (Next visited link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: v (Next visited link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link link"
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: (included in the list of links)
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use v (Next visited link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: v (Next visited link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link link"
OrcaFirefoxpartial
  • Result: (unknown)
    • Test Case: Use v (Next visited link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: v (Next visited link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visited link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use alt + shift + v (Open a list of visited links) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: alt + shift + v (Open a list of visited links)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: in list of links
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (next link (correct item type must be selected)) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (next link (correct item type must be selected))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "You've already visited this link, link"
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe down (next link (correct item type must be selected)) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe down (next link (correct item type must be selected))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "you visited this link, visisted, link"
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Command + L (Next Link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Command + L (Next Link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Command + V (Next Visited Link) to navigate forward to `a[href]`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Command + V (Next Visited Link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "visited, link, you visited this link"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + U (Open Rotor)
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a[href]
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + U (Open Rotor)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: (included in the list of links)
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-
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Dates and Versions of tested combinations

ATAT VersionBrowserBrowser versionOS versionDate tested
Dragon Naturally Speaking15.30Chrome7519032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10Chrome7519032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10IE1119032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10Firefox6819032019-07-24
Narrator1903Edge4419032019-07-24
NVDA2019.1.1Chrome7519032019-07-24
NVDA2019.1.1Firefox6819032019-07-24
Orca3.31.4Firefox69Ubuntu 19.042019-09-16
TalkBack7Chrome7572019-07-26
Voice Access (Android)3.1Chrome7772019-10-02
Voice Control (iOS)13.0Safari13.013.02019-09-23
Voice Control (MacOS)10.15Safari13.0.210.152019-10-07
VoiceOver (iOS)12.3.1Safari12.3.112.3.12019-07-24
VoiceOver (macOS)10.14.5Safari12.1.110.14.52019-07-24
Windows Speech Recognition1903Chrome7719032019-10-18

History

  • 2019-07-28 Test created
  • 2019-09-16 Add orca results
  • 2019-09-23 Added vc_ios results
  • 2019-10-02 Add va_and results
  • 2019-10-07 Add vc_macos results
  • 2019-10-18 Add wsr results