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Test: unnamed navigation role

Screen Reader support level: partial (16/22)

Voice Control support level: unknown

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About this test

This test checks an unnamed navigation role

Run this test and submit your results

Age of results

Results in this test range from 9 months ago to 9 months ago. See detailed information about test dates and versions for more information.

Caution

Failing or partial results may be out of date. The oldest result is from 9 months ago. Consider running this test and contributing results.

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Summary of Screen Reader support by expectation

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Summary of Voice Control support by expectation

navigation role
ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
ChromeChromeSafariSafariChrome
Not applicable

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Detailed support results by expectation

Expectation for the navigation role: convey its role

This expectation is from the navigation role feature.

Rationale:

A screen reader user needs to know how they can interact with the element. Voice control software might use the role to help users activate controls that do not have a visible name.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples:

  • A screen reader might announce an element as something like "<name>, <role>"
  • A screen reader might imply the role by the presence of certain context roles
  • Voice Control software might let the user say something like "click, <role>".
  • Voice Control software might let the user say something like "show numbers", and interactive roles will be flagged with numbers.

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use r (Next region) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: r (Next region)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region end"
JAWSEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use r (Next region) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: r (Next region)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region end"
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use r (Next region) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: r (Next region)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region end"
NarratorEdgepartial
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Narrator + F5 (List landmarks) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Narrator + F5 (List landmarks)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Narrator + right arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Narrator + right arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Narrator + left arrow (Read previous item (scan mode)) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Narrator + left arrow (Read previous item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
NVDAEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
OrcaFirefoxunknown-
TalkBackChromepartial
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use swipe down after changing the reading control to 'landmarks' (alt+D) (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: swipe down after changing the reading control to 'landmarks' (alt+D) (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "navigation, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container, List, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (or alt+right arrow) (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (or alt+right arrow) (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe left (or alt+left arrow) (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe left (or alt+left arrow) (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe down (next landmark (correct item type must be selected)) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe down (next landmark (correct item type must be selected))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container, navigation, landmark"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container, navigation, landmark"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Left (Previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Left (Previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container, end, navigation"
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + U (Open Rotor) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + U (Open Rotor)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 1, button, navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 2, button, navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Left Arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Left Arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "end of, navigation"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-

Extended Support for: navigation role: convey its role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-
JAWSIEunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-
Windows Speech RecognitionEdgenot applicable-
Back to top

Expectation for the navigation role: convey the boundaries of the element

This expectation is from the navigation role feature.

Rationale:

A user needs to know when they enter and exit an element

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples:

  • A screen reader might announce the role of the element when entering and say something like "leaving" when exiting.
  • A screen reader might not explicitly announce entering and existing the element, but instead imply that the is in the containing object by conveying the roles of required children (options in a listbox for example).
  • A screen reader might announce position in set information such as "1 of 6".
  • A screen reader might not convey boundaries if the content fits on a single line

Grading method:

All of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region end"
JAWSEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region end"
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region, nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region end"
NarratorEdgenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Narrator + right arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Narrator + right arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Narrator + left arrow (Read previous item (scan mode)) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Narrator + left arrow (Read previous item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
NVDAEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 1, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, Nav button 2, button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use up arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: up arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
OrcaFirefoxunknown-
TalkBackChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (or alt+right arrow) (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (or alt+right arrow) (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe left (or alt+left arrow) (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe left (or alt+left arrow) (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container, navigation, landmark"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Left (Previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Left (Previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container, end, navigation"
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Tab (Read next focusable item) to navigate forward to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 1, button, navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item) to navigate backwards to `role="navigation" > button`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation" > button
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Shift + Tab (Read previous focusable item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Nav button 2, button, navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to the start of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: start of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "navigation"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Left Arrow (Read previous item) to navigate backwards to the end of `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: after target
        • Keyboard focus is: after target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Left Arrow (Read previous item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: end of target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "end of, navigation"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-

Extended Support for: navigation role: convey the boundaries of the element

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-
JAWSIEunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-
Windows Speech RecognitionEdgenot applicable-
Back to top

Expectation for the navigation role: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

This expectation is from the navigation role feature.

Rationale:

Screen reader users might want to quickly navigate to elements of this type.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use r (Next region) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: r (Next region)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
JAWSEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use r (Next region) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: r (Next region)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use r (Next region) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: r (Next region)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation region"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Ctrl + Insert + r (List regions)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Narrator + F5 (List landmarks) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Narrator + F5 (List landmarks)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: List of regions includes "Navigation"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
NVDAEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use d (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: d (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "Navigation landmark, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container"
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
OrcaFirefoxunknown-
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use swipe down after changing the reading control to 'landmarks' (alt+D) (Next landmark) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: swipe down after changing the reading control to 'landmarks' (alt+D) (Next landmark)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "navigation, This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container, List, This is the end of an unnamed navigation role container"
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe down (next landmark (correct item type must be selected)) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe down (next landmark (correct item type must be selected))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "This is the start of an unnamed navigation role container, navigation, landmark"
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + U (Open Rotor) to navigate forward to `role="navigation"`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Find the target element(s) that you will test against. Identify all elements that match this selector:role="navigation"
        • If multiple elements match the selector, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + U (Open Rotor)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Landmarks elements list includes "navigation"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-

Extended Support for: navigation role: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-
JAWSIEunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-
Windows Speech RecognitionEdgenot applicable-
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Dates and Versions of tested combinations

ATAT VersionBrowserBrowser versionOS versionDate tested
JAWS2022.2110.60Chrome96Windows 10 version 21h12021-12-15
JAWS2022.2110.60Edge96Windows 10 version 21h12021-12-15
JAWS2022.2110.60Firefox95Windows 10 version 21h12021-12-15
NarratorWindows 10 version 21h1Edge96Windows 10 version 21h12021-12-15
NVDA2021.3Chrome96Windows 10 version 21h12021-12-15
NVDA2021.3Edge96Windows 10 version 21h12021-12-15
NVDA2021.3Firefox95Windows 10 version 21h12021-12-15
TalkBack12.1Chrome96122021-12-15
VoiceOver (iOS)15.1Safari15.115.12021-12-15
VoiceOver (macOS)11.6.1Safari15.111.6.12021-12-15

History

  • 2021-12-15 Test created