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select element (html)

Screen reader support level: partial (36/40)

Voice Control support level: partial (8/9)

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Expectations

What are expectations?

Screen Reader support by expectation

ExpectationJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
MUST convey an appropriate namepartialsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey changes in valuesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedpartialsupportedsupported
MUST convey the current valuesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
SHOULD convey the boundaries of the options within the selectsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedpartial
SHOULD convey the expanded and collapsed statesnonesupportedsupportednonesupportedsupportedsupported
SHOULD provide shortcuts to jump to this rolesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported

Voice Control support by expectation

ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
MUST convey an appropriate namesupportednonesupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportednot applicablesupportedsupported

Expectation: convey an appropriate name

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST
Screen Reader support for 'MUST convey an appropriate name'
TestJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
ChromeIEFirefoxEdgeChromeFirefoxFirefoxChromeSafariSafari
HTML select element testpartialpartialpartialsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
Voice Control support for 'MUST convey an appropriate name'
TestDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
ChromeChromeSafariSafariChrome
HTML select element testsupportednonesupportedsupportedsupported

Expectation: convey an appropriate role

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know how they can interact with the element. Voice control software might use the role to help users activate controls that do not have a visible name.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST
Screen Reader support for 'MUST convey an appropriate role'
TestJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
ChromeIEFirefoxEdgeChromeFirefoxFirefoxChromeSafariSafari
HTML select element testsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
Voice Control support for 'MUST convey an appropriate role'
TestDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
ChromeChromeSafariSafariChrome
HTML select element testsupportedsupportednot applicablesupportedsupported

Expectation: convey changes in value

Rationale: The user needs to know that the value was successfully changed.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA
Screen Reader support for 'MUST convey changes in value'
TestJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
ChromeIEFirefoxEdgeChromeFirefoxFirefoxChromeSafariSafari
HTML select element testsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedpartialsupportedsupported

Expectation: convey the current value

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know the current value of the input.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA
Screen Reader support for 'MUST convey the current value'
TestJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
ChromeIEFirefoxEdgeChromeFirefoxFirefoxChromeSafariSafari
HTML select element testsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported

Expectation: convey the boundaries of the options within the select

Rationale: The user needs to know that when they enter and leave the options.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA
Screen Reader support for 'SHOULD convey the boundaries of the options within the select'
TestJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
ChromeIEFirefoxEdgeChromeFirefoxFirefoxChromeSafariSafari
HTML select element testsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedpartial

Expectation: convey the expanded and collapsed states

Rationale: The user might find it helpful to know if the select is open or closed.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA
Screen Reader support for 'SHOULD convey the expanded and collapsed states'
TestJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
ChromeIEFirefoxEdgeChromeFirefoxFirefoxChromeSafariSafari
HTML select element testnonenonenonesupportedsupportedsupportednonesupportedsupportedsupported

Expectation: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

Rationale: Screen reader users might want to quickly navigate to elements of this type.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA
Screen Reader support for 'SHOULD provide shortcuts to jump to this role'
TestJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
ChromeIEFirefoxEdgeChromeFirefoxFirefoxChromeSafariSafari
HTML select element testsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported

Related features

These are features that are usually used in combination with this feature.

option element (html)

DragonJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoice AccessVC iOSVC MacOSVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)Speech Recognition
partial (1/5)partial (8/15)partial (4/5)partial (7/10)partial (3/5)supportedsupportednonepartial (3/5)partial (4/5)partial (2/5)none

optgroup element (html)

DragonJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoice AccessVC iOSVC MacOSVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)Speech Recognition
not applicablesome partial supportnonenonenonepartial (1/3)not applicablenot applicablenot applicablepartial (1/3)partial (1/3)not applicable