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Test: HTML select element test

Screen Reader support level: partial (69/100)

Voice Control support level: partial (13/18)

A sample select element with opt elements.

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Dates and Versions of tested combinations

ATAT VersionBrowserBrowser versionOS versionDate tested
Dragon Naturally Speaking15.30Chrome7519032019-08-08
JAWS2019.1906.10Chrome7519032019-08-08
JAWS2019.1906.10IE1119032019-08-08
JAWS2019.1906.10Firefox6819032019-08-08
Narrator1903Edge4419032019-08-08
NVDA2019.1.1Chrome7519032019-08-08
NVDA2019.1.1Firefox6819032019-08-08
Orca3.31.4Firefox69Ubuntu 19.042019-09-15
TalkBack7.3.0Chrome7572019-07-27
Voice Access (Android)3.1Chrome7772019-10-02
Voice Control (iOS)13.0Safari13.013.02019-09-23
Voice Control (MacOS)10.15Safari13.0.210.152019-10-07
VoiceOver (iOS)12.3.1Safari12.3.112.3.12019-08-08
VoiceOver (macOS)10.14.5Safari12.1.110.14.52019-08-08
Windows Speech Recognition1903Chrome7719032019-10-18

Summary of Screen Reader support by expectation

ExpectationJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
disabled attribute
MUST convey the disabled statesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
optgroup element
MUST convey an appropriate namesome partial supportnonenonenonesupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey an appropriate rolenonenonenonenonenonenonenone
MUST convey the boundaries of the elementnonenonenonenonenonenonenone
option element
MUST convey an appropriate namesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
SHOULD convey information about the position the option in the listnonesupportedpartialnonenonepartialnone
select element
MUST convey an appropriate namepartialsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey the current valuesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey changes in valuesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedpartialsupportedsupported
SHOULD convey the expanded and collapsed statesnonesupportedsupportednonesupportedsupportedsupported
SHOULD convey the boundaries of the options within the selectsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedpartial
SHOULD provide shortcuts to jump to this rolesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Summary of Voice Control support by expectation

ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
disabled attribute
MAY convey the disabled statenonesupportedunknownsupportedunknown
option element
MUST convey an appropriate namepartialsupportednonesupportednone
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportednot applicablesupportednone
select element
MUST convey an appropriate namesupportednonesupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportednot applicablesupportedsupported

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Detailed support results by expectation

Expectation for the disabled attribute: convey the disabled state

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MAY

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • Screen readers might convey the disabled state by announcing "disabled", "unavailable", or "dimmed"
  • Screen readers might convey the disabled state of certain embedded controls, such as the option element, by skipping it when navigating embedded controls
  • Voice control software might not include the element in operations, for example it might not flag the element with a number or respond to name commands

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the disabled attribute feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: "Choose <option text>" (Choose drop down option)
    • Output: the "nothing" option was chosen, however, options within optgroups could not be chosen.
    • Result Notes: I said 'click listbox', 'show choices', 'choose nothing', and the option was activated.
More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options were skipped
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options were skipped
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options were skipped
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: options are skipped when scan mode is off
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Broccoli, Lettuce, 3 of 5, disabled" (when scan mode is on)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Broccoli, Lettuce, 3 of 5, disabled" (when scan mode is on)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Broccoli, Lettuce, 3 of 5, disabled" (when scan mode is on)
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options were skipped
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options were skipped
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options are skipped which implies the disabled state
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options and optgroups were not displayed at all
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was not flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: button was not activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap Broccoli"
More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safariunknown
  • Result: (unknown)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was not flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers". Unknown because the select widget is not operable by VC.
  • Result: (unknown)
    • command: "Tap <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: button was not activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap Broccoli". Unknown because the select widget is not operable by VC.
More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: option was not selected
    • Command Notes: said "click lettuce"
More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: disabled options and optgroups were not displayed at all
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "veggies, dimmed"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "veggies, dimmed"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromeunknown
  • Result: (unknown)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output:
    • Result Notes: none of the options were operable
More information

Extended Support for: disabled attribute: convey the disabled state

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44unknown
  • Result: (unknown)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output:
    • Result Notes: none of the options were operable
More information
Back to top

Expectation for the optgroup element: convey an appropriate name

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the optgroup element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: within target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
JAWSIEpartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: within target
    • Output: "chicken (meats)"
Notes: only conveyed when the pressing up or down arrows while the listbox is closed
More information
JAWSFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: within target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
NarratorEdgenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: within target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
NVDAChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: within target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
NVDAFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: within target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
OrcaFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "meats"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "meats"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "meats, dimmed"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: optgroup element: convey an appropriate name

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
Back to top

Expectation for the optgroup element: convey an appropriate role

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know that options are in a group.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might convey the group role.

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the optgroup element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
JAWSIEnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
JAWSFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
NarratorEdgenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
NVDAChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
NVDAFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
OrcaFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
TalkBackChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "meats"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safarinone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "meats"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safarinone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "meats, dimmed"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: optgroup element: convey an appropriate role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
Back to top

Expectation for the optgroup element: convey the boundaries of the element

Rationale: A user needs to know when they enter and exit an element

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might announce the role of the element when entering and say something like "leaving" when exiting.
  • A screen reader might not explicitly announce entering and existing the element, but instead imply that the is in the containing object by conveying the roles of required children (options in a listbox for example).
  • A screen reader might announce position in set information such as "1 of 6".
  • A screen reader might not convey boundaries if the content fits on a single line

Grading method: All of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the optgroup element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
JAWSIEnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
JAWSFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
NarratorEdgenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
NVDAChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
NVDAFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
OrcaFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: not conveyed
More information
TalkBackChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safarinone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safarinone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: after target
    • Output: optgroup boundaries were not conveyed
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: optgroup element: convey the boundaries of the element

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
Back to top

Expectation for the option element: convey an appropriate name

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader will announce the name of the option (if present) in addition to the value.
  • Voice control software will let the user say something like "choose <name>" after saying something like "show choices" to pick the option.

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the option element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromepartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • command: "Choose <option text>" (Choose drop down option)
    • Output: the "everything" option was chosen, however, options within optgroups could not be chosen.
Notes: Options within an optgroup are not supported. I said 'click listbox', 'show choices', 'choose banana', and the option was not activated. Saying 'choose everything' instead worked as expected ('everything' is not part of an optgroup).
More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "3 of 8, chicken"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: option was activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap banana"
More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: "Show names" (Turn on the names overlay)
    • Output: names were not listed for options
    • Command Notes: said "show names". This was done after tapping the select element so that options were displayed.
More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: option was selected
    • Command Notes: said "click everything"
More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: role was not activated
    • Command Notes: said "click chicken"
More information

Extended Support for: option element: convey an appropriate name

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44yes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: role was activated
    • Command Notes: said "click chicken"
More information
Back to top

Expectation for the option element: convey an appropriate role

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know how they can interact with the element. Voice control software might use the role to help users activate controls that do not have a visible name.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might announce "option" as the role.
  • A screen reader might not announce a role because the role is implied by the role of a select element, combo box, or listbox.
  • A screen reader might not announce a role because the role is implied by the announcement of auto complete or suggestions.
  • Voice control software will let the user say something like "move down <n>" or "move up <n>" to select an option.

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the option element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Move down <n>" (Move down <n> options)
    • location after command: target
    • Output: value was changed to the next option
More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "3 of 8, chicken"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was not flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information

Extended Support for: option element: convey an appropriate role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44yes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
Back to top

Expectation for the option element: convey information about the position the option in the list

Rationale: When user should be able to determine how many options are in the list and where they are in the list

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might announce "choose <2 of 10>" when navigating through a list of options

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the option element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
JAWSIEnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
JAWSFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "3 of 8, chicken"
More information
NVDAChromepartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
Notes: only conveyed when expanded
More information
NVDAFirefoxpartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
Notes: only conveyed when expanded
More information
OrcaFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "chicken"
More information
TalkBackChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safaripartial
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tap or touch the item (select and speak an item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, picker item, 2 of 7"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safarinone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "steak"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: option element: convey information about the position the option in the list

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
Back to top

Expectation for the select element: convey an appropriate name

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might convey the name as "<role>, <name>, <value>"
  • Voice control software might allow the user to say "click <name>" to focus the select element

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the select element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: element was focused
More information
JAWSChromepartial
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSIEpartial
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSFirefoxpartial
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, combobox, apple, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, apple, combobox, collapsed, scan"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, apple, collapsed"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box, focus mode"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "collapsed, apple, pop up button, Choose a food item double tap to change"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: select was not activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap Choose a food item"
More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Tap <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: input was focused
    • Command Notes: said "tap Choose a food item".
More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: checkbox was checked
    • Command Notes: said "click Choose a food item"
More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe Right (Next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, apple, pop up button"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: role was activated
    • Command Notes: said "click choose a food item"
More information

Extended Support for: select element: convey an appropriate name

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44yes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: role was activated
    • Command Notes: said "click choose a food item"
More information
Back to top

Expectation for the select element: convey an appropriate role

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know how they can interact with the element. Voice control software might use the role to help users activate controls that do not have a visible name.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might convey the select as a select or a combo box
  • Voice control software might allow the user to say "click list box" to focus the select element

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the select element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Click <role> (Click Type)
    • Output: element was focused
Notes: said "click list box"
More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, combobox, apple, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, apple, combobox, collapsed, scan"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, apple, collapsed"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box, focus mode"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "collapsed, apple, pop up button, Choose a food item double tap to change"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role is flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe Right (Next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, apple, pop up button"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information

Extended Support for: select element: convey an appropriate role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44yes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
Back to top

Expectation for the select element: convey the current value

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know the current value of the input.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might convey the name as "<role>, <name>, <value>"

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the select element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, combobox, apple, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, apple, combobox, collapsed, scan"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, apple, collapsed"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box, focus mode"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "collapsed, apple, pop up button, Choose a food item double tap to change"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe Right (Next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, apple, pop up button"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: select element: convey the current value

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
Back to top

Expectation for the select element: convey changes in value

Rationale: The user needs to know that the value was successfully changed.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might announce the new value after it has been changed

Grading method: All of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the select element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana (fruits)"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Enter (select an option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana, 2 of 5, selected"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, apple, collapsed"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Enter (select an option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? everything, combobox, focus mode"
More information
TalkBackChromepartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • command: Double tap (select an option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "collapsed, banana, popup button, Choose a food item"
Notes: Partial support due to the work around needed to activate an option. I was unable to activate an option after double tapping the pop up button. The list was displayed and I could swipe right to navigate options, but double tapping just closed the list and didn't change the value. Work around: swipe right through the entire page until you reach the open options at the end of the page, then you can navigate and make your selection.
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Double tap (select an option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, banana, pop up button"
Notes: Focus was sent back to the select after a choice was made, so the control was announced again with the new value
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Enter (select an option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Closing menu, chicken, Choose a food item, pop up button"
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: select element: convey changes in value

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
Back to top

Expectation for the select element: convey the expanded and collapsed states

Rationale: The user might find it helpful to know if the select is open or closed.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might convey the collapsed state as "4 of 4" and the expanded state as
  • A screen reader will usually imply the expanded state by sending focus to the option list. When the user leaves the option list, the select becomes collapsed.

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the select element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSIEnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
JAWSFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combo box, apple, to change the selection use the arrow keys"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, combobox, apple, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, apple, combobox, collapsed, scan"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, combo box, apple, collapsed"
More information
OrcaFirefoxnone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box"
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box, focus mode"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "collapsed, apple, pop up button, Choose a food item double tap to change"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe Right (Next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, apple, pop up button"
Notes: implied by the pop up button
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item, pop up button"
Notes: Implied by the pop up button role
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: select element: convey the expanded and collapsed states

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
Back to top

Expectation for the select element: convey the boundaries of the options within the select

Rationale: The user needs to know that when they enter and leave the options.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might convey the option name when enter thing select, and "out of select" when exiting
  • A screen reader might convey information about the position in the options, such as "4 of 4" to indicate the start and end of the options

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the select element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana (fruits)"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Up arrow (select previous option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "1 of 8, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "5 of 8, everything"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "banana"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Up arrow (select previous option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: when expanded: "apple, 1 of 8"; when collapsed: implied by silence when trying to press up arrow to navigate to navigate past the first option.
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Up arrow (select previous option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: when expanded: "apple, 1 of 8"; when collapsed: implied by silence when trying to press up arrow to navigate to navigate past the first option.
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: when expanded: "apple, 1 of 8"; when collapsed: implied by silence when trying to press down arrow to navigate to navigate past the last option.
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: implied by looping through list
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe left (Select previous option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: start of target
    • Output: "select test, web view, out of list"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: end of target
    • Output: ear con
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe up (select previous option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: start of target
    • Output: first option was re-announced with an earcon
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe down (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: end of target
    • Output: last option was re-announced with an earcon
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safaripartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • command: Down arrow (select next option)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: end of target
    • Output: down arrow loops back to the start of the list, but there is no indication of the start or end of the list
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Down arrow (Move VO cursor down)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: start of target
    • Output: earcon indicates start of list
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Down arrow (Move VO cursor down)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: within target
      • virtual cursor location: within target
    • location after command: end of target
    • Output: earcon indicates end of list
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: select element: convey the boundaries of the options within the select

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
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Expectation for the select element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

Rationale: Screen reader users might want to quickly navigate to elements of this type.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might provide a keyboard shortcut to jump to the next form control or provide a list of all form controls

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the select element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: f (Next form field)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Shown in list of form fields
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: f (Next form field)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Shown in list of form fields
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: f (Next form field)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, Combo box, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Shown in list of form fields
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: f (Next form field)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want, steak, combobox, collapsed"
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: f (Next form field)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combobox, collapsed."
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: "in list of form fields"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: f (Next form field)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "What food do you want? Combobox, collapsed, apple"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: "in list of form fields"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: c (Next combo box (select))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item apple, combo box"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: alt + shift + c (Open a list of combo boxes (selects))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: in list of combo boxes
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (next control (correct item type must be selected))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "collapsed, apple, pop up button, Choose a food item double tap to change"
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe down (next form control (correct item type must be selected))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Choose a food item, apple, pop up button"
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Command + J (Next Form Control)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "apple, Choose a food item pop up button"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + U (Open Rotor)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: in list of form controls
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: select element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
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History

  • 2019-08-02 Test created
  • 2019-08-08 Added and tested disabled optgroups and options
  • 2019-09-15 Add orca
  • 2019-09-23 Added vc_ios results
  • 2019-10-02 Add va_and results
  • 2019-10-07 Add vc_macos results
  • 2019-10-18 Add wsr results