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Test: HTML links example 5 - A link that wraps many elements

Screen Reader support level: partial (29/30)

Voice Control support level: partial (8/9)

A link that wraps many elements

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Dates and Versions of tested combinations

ATAT VersionBrowserBrowser versionOS versionDate tested
Dragon Naturally Speaking15.30Chrome7519032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10Chrome7519032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10IE1119032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10Firefox6819032019-07-24
Narrator1903Edge4419032019-07-24
NVDA2019.1.1Chrome7519032019-07-24
NVDA2019.1.1Firefox6819032019-07-24
Orca3.31.4Firefox69Ubuntu 19.042019-09-16
TalkBack7Chrome7572019-07-26
Voice Access (Android)3.1Chrome7772019-10-02
Voice Control (iOS)13.0Safari13.013.02019-09-23
Voice Control (MacOS)10.15Safari13.0.210.152019-10-07
VoiceOver (iOS)12.3.1Safari12.3.112.3.12019-07-24
VoiceOver (macOS)10.14.5Safari12.1.110.14.52019-07-24
Windows Speech Recognition1903Chrome7719032019-10-18

Summary of Screen Reader support by expectation

ExpectationJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver (iOS)VoiceOver (macOS)
hyperlink element
MUST convey an appropriate namesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST convey the boundaries of the elementsupportedpartialsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
SHOULD provide shortcuts to jump to this rolesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Summary of Voice Control support by expectation

ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
hyperlink element
MUST convey an appropriate namesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportednone
MUST convey an appropriate rolesupportedsupportednot applicablesupportedsupported

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Detailed support results by expectation

Expectation for the hyperlink element: convey an appropriate name

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might announce a link as something like "<name>, link"
  • Voice control software might let a user say something like "click <name>"

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: successfully activated
More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Link, tablet 9000!"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling." (embedded semantics were not conveyed)
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, Heading level 3, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! heading level 3, <rest of text>, link"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, Heading level 3, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! heading level 3, <rest of text>, link"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000!, heading level 3, link"
    • Result Notes: each line is announced as a link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling. link, tablet 9000!, heading level 3, link"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling, link"
Notes: The entire content is announced as a link, and it is not possible to navigate content within the link. No semantics inside the link are conveyed.
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: link was activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap tablet 9000"
More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Tap <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: link was flagged for disambiguation
    • Command Notes: said "tap tablet 9000"
More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: link was clicked
    • Command Notes: said "click tablet 9000"
More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe Right (Next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Each line is conveyed as its own link
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling."
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling."
Notes: The entire contents of the link are announced when navigating to the link. Users can navigate into the link contain and navigate object by object.
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: role was not activated
    • Command Notes: said "click tablet 9000"
More information

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: convey an appropriate name

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44none
  • Result: (fail)
    • command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
    • Output: role was not activated
    • Command Notes: said "click tablet 9000"
More information
Back to top

Expectation for the hyperlink element: convey an appropriate role

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know how they can interact with the element. Voice control software might use the role to help users activate controls that do not have a visible name.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might announce a link as something like "<name>, link"
  • Voice control software might let a user say something like "click link"

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Click <role> (Click Type)
    • Output: flagged as a link to choose from
More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Link, tablet 9000!"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling." (embedded semantics were not conveyed)
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, Heading level 3, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! heading level 3, <rest of text>, link"
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, Heading level 3, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! heading level 3, <rest of text>, link"
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000!, heading level 3, link"
    • Result Notes: each line is announced as a link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling. link, tablet 9000!, heading level 3, link"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling, link"
Notes: The entire content is announced as a link, and it is not possible to navigate content within the link. No semantics inside the link are conveyed.
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role is flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe Right (Next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Each line is conveyed as its own link
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling."
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling."
Notes: The entire contents of the link are announced when navigating to the link. Users can navigate into the link contain and navigate object by object.
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: convey an appropriate role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44yes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
More information
Back to top

Expectation for the hyperlink element: convey the boundaries of the element

Rationale: A user needs to know when they enter and exit an element

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: NA

Examples of assistive technologies support this expectation:

  • A screen reader might announce an inline link as something like "<name>, link"
  • A screen reader might announce when it enter and exits a links the spans multiple lines.
  • A screen reader might announce the link role for every line that the links spans

Grading method: All of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
Notes: Announces the link role on every line, and does not announce something like "entering link" or "leaving link" when entering or leaving.
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
Notes: Announces the link role on every line, and does not announce something like "entering link" or "leaving link" when entering or leaving.
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Heading level 3, link, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "<all text in link>, heading level 3, link"
Notes: Announces the link role on every line, and does not announce something like "entering link" or "leaving link" when entering or leaving.
More information
NarratorEdgepartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "Link, tablet 9000!"
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling." (embedded semantics were not conveyed)
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, Heading level 3, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! heading level 3, <rest of text>, link"
Notes: Announces the link role on every line, and does not announce something like "entering link" or "leaving link" when entering or leaving.
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, Heading level 3, tablet 9000!" (each down arrow press announces a line of text within the link along with the the link role)
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! heading level 3, <rest of text>, link"
Notes: Announces the link role on every line, and does not announce something like "entering link" or "leaving link" when entering or leaving.
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: down arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000!, heading level 3, link"
    • Result Notes: each line is announced as a link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling. link, tablet 9000!, heading level 3, link"
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling, link"
Notes: Boundaries implied by navigation. The entire content is announced as a link, and it is not possible to navigate content within the link. No semantics inside the link are conveyed.
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe Right (Next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Each line is conveyed as its own link
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling."
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Tab (Read next focusable item)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling."
Notes: The entire contents of the link are announced when navigating to the link. Users can navigate into the link contain and navigate object by object.
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: convey the boundaries of the element

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
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Expectation for the hyperlink element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

Rationale: Screen reader users might want to quickly navigate to elements of this type.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: SHOULD
  • Voice Control: NA

Grading method: Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

This expectation is from the hyperlink element feature.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-More information
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: u (Next unvisited link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Only conveys the first line of the link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Full text included in the list of links
More information
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: u (Next unvisited link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Only conveys the first line of the link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Full text included in the list of links
More information
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: u (Next unvisited link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Only conveys the first line of the link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Full text included in the list of links
More information
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: k (Next link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling." (embedded semantics were not conveyed)
More information
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: u (Next unvisited link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Conveys full text of link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Full text included in the list of links
More information
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: u (Next unvisited link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Conveys full text of link
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: Full text included in the list of links
More information
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: k (Next link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: announced correctly
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: alt + shift+ k (Open a list of links)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: in list of links (all lines included)
More information
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe right (next link (correct item type must be selected))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling, link"
Notes: The entire content is announced as a link, and it is not possible to navigate content within the link. No semantics inside the link are conveyed.
More information
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: Swipe down (next link (correct item type must be selected))
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: Each line is conveyed as its own link
More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + Command + L (Next Link)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
      • keyboard focus location: before target
      • virtual cursor location: before target
    • location after command: target
    • Output: "link, tablet 9000! Turn all your widgets into mellbloms! Only $9.99 plus shipping and handling."
  • Result: (pass)
    • command: VO + U (Open Rotor)
    • before the command was executed
      • mode: auto (mode not explicitly)
    • Output: (included in the list of links)
More information
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-More information

Extended Support for: hyperlink element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutputAction
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-More information
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-More information
JAWSEdgeunknown-More information
NarratorFirefoxunknown-More information
NarratorChromeunknown-More information
NarratorIEunknown-More information
NVDAIEunknown-More information
NVDAEdgeunknown-More information
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-More information
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-More information
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-More information
OrcaChromeunknown-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-More information
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-More information
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-More information
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History

  • 2019-07-28 Test created
  • 2019-09-16 Add orca results
  • 2019-09-23 Added vc_ios results
  • 2019-10-02 Add va_and results
  • 2019-10-07 Add vc_macos results
  • 2019-10-18 Add wsr results