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Test: HTML links example 7 - A placeholder link in a paragraph

Screen Reader support level: partial (26/30)

Voice Control support level: partial (6/9)

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About this test

A placeholder link in a paragraph

Run this test and and submit your results

Age of results

Results in this test range from a year ago to a year ago. See detailed information about test dates and versions for more information.

Caution

Failing or partial results may be out of date. The oldest result is from a year ago. Consider running this test and contributing results.

Test HTML

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Summary of Screen Reader support by expectation

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Summary of Voice Control support by expectation

placeholder link element
ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access (Android)Voice Control (iOS)Voice Control (MacOS)Windows Speech Recognition
ChromeChromeSafariSafariChrome
MUST convey its namesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportednone
MUST NOT convey the link role; OR MUST convey as a placeholder linknonesupportednot applicablesupportednone

* means that some support is hidden behind settings

Detailed support results by expectation

Expectation for the placeholder link element: convey its name

This expectation is from the placeholder link element feature.

Rationale:

A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST

Examples:

  • A screen reader will convey the text of the placeholder link
  • Voice control software might still recognize the name. This is helpful in cases where developers did not use semantic markup.

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Dragon Naturally Speaking and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: links were flagged for disambiguation
    • Command Notes: said "click something"
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "text, readonly, <name>"
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "this might point to something in the future"
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Voice Access (Android) and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Tap <text>" or just "<text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link was not activated
    • Command Notes: said "tap something"
Voice Control (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Tap <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Voice Control (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Tap <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: name was displayed
    • Command Notes: said "show names"
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Voice Control (MacOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link was not clicked
    • Command Notes: said "click something"
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed, NOT followed by "clickable"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was activated
    • Command Notes: said "click something"

Extended Support for: placeholder link element: convey its name

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44none
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Click <text>" (Activate item by name)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was activated
    • Command Notes: said "click something"
Back to top

Expectation for the placeholder link element: convey the link role; OR MUST convey as a placeholder link

This expectation is from the placeholder link element feature.

Rationale:

Since the link does not go anywhere, user needs to know that the link is not functional.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST NOT
  • Voice Control: MUST NOT

Examples:

  • A screen reader might convey not convey any role for the link.
  • Voice control software will not suggest that the link is actionable.

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Click <role> (Click Type)
      1. Launch Dragon Naturally Speaking and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: Click <role> (Click Type)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: flagged as a link to choose from
JAWSChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
JAWSIEyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
JAWSFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
NarratorEdgenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode)) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Down arrow (Read next item (scan mode))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "text, readonly, <name>"
Notes: The text role was conveyed along with the readonly state. No semantics should be conveyed.
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use down arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: down arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: "this might point to something in the future"
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
Voice Access (Android)Chromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Voice Access (Android) and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was not flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Voice Control (MacOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was not flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe Right (Next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe Right (Next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Right arrow (Read next item) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Right arrow (Read next item)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: link role was not conveyed, NOT followed by "clickable"
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenone
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"

Extended Support for: placeholder link element: convey the link role; OR MUST convey as a placeholder link

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEunknown-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxunknown-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxunknown-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxunknown-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44none
  • Result: (fail)
    • Test Case: Use "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      1. Launch Windows Speech Recognition and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Issue the command: "Show numbers" (Turn on the numbers overlay)
      5. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: role was flagged with a number
    • Command Notes: said "show numbers"
Back to top

Expectation for the placeholder link element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

This expectation is from the placeholder link element feature.

Rationale:

Screen reader users might want to quickly navigate to elements of this type.

Strength of this expectation for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST NOT
  • Voice Control: NA

Grading method:

Just one of the listed commands must pass for the expectation to pass.

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingChromenot applicable-
JAWSChromepartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • Test Case: Use Insert + F3 (Open element list)
      1. Launch JAWS and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Not included in list of links, but it was included in the list of anchors.
Notes: partial support because HTML5 does not call these anchors.
JAWSIEpartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • Test Case: Use Insert + F3 (Open element list)
      1. Launch JAWS and IE.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Not included in list of links, but it was included in the list of anchors.
Notes: partial support because HTML5 does not call these anchors.
JAWSFirefoxpartial
  • Result: (partial)
    • Test Case: Use Insert + F3 (Open element list)
      1. Launch JAWS and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Insert + F3 (Open element list)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Not included in list of links, but it was included in the list of anchors.
Notes: partial support because HTML5 does not call these anchors.
NarratorEdgeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use k (Next link) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch Narrator and Edge.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: k (Next link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Not found as a link
NVDAChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
      1. Launch NVDA and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Not included in list of links
NVDAFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
      1. Launch NVDA and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: NVDA + F7 (Open Elements List)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: na
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Not included in list of links
OrcaFirefoxyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use k (Next link) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: k (Next link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: not found
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use alt + shift+ k (Open a list of links) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch Orca and Firefox.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: alt + shift+ k (Open a list of links)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: not found
TalkBackChromeyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe right (next link (correct item type must be selected)) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch TalkBack and Chrome.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe right (next link (correct item type must be selected))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: not included in link navigation
Voice Access (Android)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (iOS)Safarinot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Safarinot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use Swipe down (next link (correct item type must be selected)) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (iOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: Swipe down (next link (correct item type must be selected))
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: Not included in list of links
VoiceOver (macOS)Safariyes
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + Command + L (Next Link) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + Command + L (Next Link)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: not found as a link
  • Result: (pass)
    • Test Case: Use VO + U (Open Rotor) to navigate forward to `a:not([href])`
      1. Launch VoiceOver (macOS) and Safari.
      2. Navigate to the test page.
      3. Identify all elements that match this selector:a:not([href])
        • If multiple elements match the target, repeat this test for all instances. However, choose a single instance to report against. If you feel that the selector should be more specific, please open a GitHub Issue.
      4. Position and configure the screen reader so that the following conditions are met
        • Virtual focus is: before target
        • Keyboard focus is: before target
        • Mode is: auto (do not explicitly change the mode)
      5. Issue the command: VO + U (Open Rotor)
        • After issuing the command, virtual focus should be: target
      6. Record results for the relevant expectations
    • Output: not included in the list of links
Windows Speech RecognitionChromenot applicable-

Extended Support for: placeholder link element: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

These are less common combinations

ATBrowserHas SupportOutput
Dragon Naturally SpeakingIEnot applicable-
Dragon Naturally SpeakingFirefoxnot applicable-
JAWSEdgeunknown-
NarratorFirefoxunknown-
NarratorChromeunknown-
NarratorIEunknown-
NVDAIEunknown-
NVDAEdgeunknown-
TalkBackFirefoxunknown-
Voice Access (Android)Firefoxnot applicable-
VoiceOver (iOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Chromeunknown-
VoiceOver (macOS)Firefoxunknown-
OrcaChromeunknown-
Voice Control (MacOS)Chromenot applicable-
Voice Control (MacOS)Firefoxnot applicable-
Windows Speech Recognition 1903Edge 44not applicable-
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Dates and Versions of tested combinations

ATAT VersionBrowserBrowser versionOS versionDate tested
Dragon Naturally Speaking15.30Chrome7519032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10Chrome7519032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10IE1119032019-07-24
JAWS2019.1906.10Firefox6819032019-07-24
Narrator1903Edge4419032019-07-24
NVDA2019.1.1Chrome7519032019-07-24
NVDA2019.1.1Firefox6819032019-07-24
Orca3.31.4Firefox69Ubuntu 19.042019-09-16
TalkBack7Chrome7572019-07-26
Voice Access (Android)3.1Chrome7772019-10-02
Voice Control (iOS)13.0Safari13.013.02019-09-23
Voice Control (MacOS)10.15Safari13.0.210.152019-10-07
VoiceOver (iOS)12.3.1Safari12.3.112.3.12019-07-24
VoiceOver (macOS)10.14.5Safari12.1.110.14.52019-07-24
Windows Speech Recognition1903Chrome7719032019-10-18

History

  • 2019-07-28 Test created
  • 2019-09-16 Add orca results
  • 2019-09-23 Added vc_ios results
  • 2019-10-02 Add va_and results
  • 2019-10-07 Add vc_macos results
  • 2019-10-18 Add wsr results