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placeholder link element (html)

Screen reader support level: partial (77/90)

Voice Control support level: partial (17/21)

On this page

If the a element has no href attribute, then the element represents a placeholder for where a link might otherwise have been placed, if it had been relevant, consisting of just the element's contents.

Expectations

What are expectations?

Screen Reader support by expectation

ExpectationJAWSNarratorNVDAOrcaTalkBackVoiceOver for iOSVoiceOver for macOS
MUST NOT convey the link role; OR MUST convey as a placeholder linksupportednonesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedpartial (2/3)
MUST convey an appropriate namesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST NOT provide shortcuts to jump to this rolepartialsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported

Voice Control support by expectation

ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingVoice Access for AndroidVoice Control for iOSVoice Control for MacOS
MUST NOT convey the link role; OR MUST convey as a placeholder linknonesupportednot applicablesupported
MUST convey an appropriate namesupportedsupportedsupportedsupported with 1 unknown result

Expectation: convey the link role; OR MUST convey as a placeholder link

Rationale: Since the link does not go anywhere, user needs to know that the link is not functional.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST NOT
  • Voice Control: MUST NOT
ATBrowserHas Support
Dragon Naturally SpeakingGoogle Chromenone
JAWSGoogle Chromesupported
JAWSInternet Explorersupported
JAWSFirefox (desktop)supported
NarratorMicrosoft Edgenone
NVDAGoogle Chromesupported
NVDAFirefox (desktop)supported
OrcaFirefox (desktop)supported
TalkBackGoogle Chrome (android)supported
Voice Access for AndroidGoogle Chrome (android)supported
Voice Control for iOSSafari (iOS)not applicable
Voice Control for MacOSSafari (macOS)supported
VoiceOver for iOSSafari (iOS)supported
VoiceOver for macOSSafari (macOS)partial (2/3)

This expectation is referenced by 3 tests.

Tests that reference this expectation
Test nameScreen Reader supportVoice Control support
HTML links example 6 - A placeholder link by itselfpartial (25/30)partial (6/7)
HTML links example 7 - A placeholder link in a paragraphpartial (26/30)partial (6/7)
HTML links example 8 - A placeholder link that wraps many elementspartial (26/30)partial (5/7)

Expectation: convey an appropriate name

Rationale: A screen reader user needs to know what to enter.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST
  • Voice Control: MUST
ATBrowserHas Support
Dragon Naturally SpeakingGoogle Chromesupported
JAWSGoogle Chromesupported
JAWSInternet Explorersupported
JAWSFirefox (desktop)supported
NarratorMicrosoft Edgesupported
NVDAGoogle Chromesupported
NVDAFirefox (desktop)supported
OrcaFirefox (desktop)supported
TalkBackGoogle Chrome (android)supported
Voice Access for AndroidGoogle Chrome (android)supported
Voice Control for iOSSafari (iOS)supported
Voice Control for MacOSSafari (macOS)supported with 1 unknown result
VoiceOver for iOSSafari (iOS)supported
VoiceOver for macOSSafari (macOS)supported

This expectation is referenced by 3 tests.

Tests that reference this expectation
Test nameScreen Reader supportVoice Control support
HTML links example 6 - A placeholder link by itselfpartial (25/30)partial (6/7)
HTML links example 7 - A placeholder link in a paragraphpartial (26/30)partial (6/7)
HTML links example 8 - A placeholder link that wraps many elementspartial (26/30)partial (5/7)

Expectation: provide shortcuts to jump to this role

Rationale: Screen reader users might want to quickly navigate to elements of this type.

Strength of these expectations for different types of assistive technologies:

  • Screen Readers: MUST NOT
  • Voice Control: NA
ATBrowserHas Support
Dragon Naturally SpeakingGoogle Chromenot applicable
JAWSGoogle Chromepartial
JAWSInternet Explorerpartial
JAWSFirefox (desktop)partial
NarratorMicrosoft Edgesupported
NVDAGoogle Chromesupported
NVDAFirefox (desktop)supported
OrcaFirefox (desktop)supported
TalkBackGoogle Chrome (android)supported
Voice Access for AndroidGoogle Chrome (android)not applicable
Voice Control for iOSSafari (iOS)not applicable
Voice Control for MacOSSafari (macOS)supported
VoiceOver for iOSSafari (iOS)supported
VoiceOver for macOSSafari (macOS)supported

This expectation is referenced by 3 tests.

Tests that reference this expectation
Test nameScreen Reader supportVoice Control support
HTML links example 6 - A placeholder link by itselfpartial (25/30)partial (6/7)
HTML links example 7 - A placeholder link in a paragraphpartial (26/30)partial (6/7)
HTML links example 8 - A placeholder link that wraps many elementspartial (26/30)partial (5/7)