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placeholder link element (html)

Support level: partial (68/87)

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If the a element has no href attribute, then the element represents a placeholder for where a link might otherwise have been placed, if it had been relevant, consisting of just the element's contents.

Expectations

Expectations are conditions that must be met for the feature to be considered as "supported". Only "MUST" expectations need to be met for minimal "support". "SHOULD" and "MAY" expectations indicates support that goes above and beyond. Note that there is not an explicit standard that dictates these expectations, and as such, they are likely opinionated. As such, a feature might not meet all "MUST" expectations but still be usable (potentially frustratingly so). Additionally, the assistive technology may provide many different commands to read, navigate, or otherwise interact with a feature. Only one command is required to pass for the expectation to be minimally supported.

Summary of support by expectation type

MUSTSHOULDMAY
partial (50/60)partial (18/27)

Summary of support by expectation and assistive technology

ExpectationDragon Naturally SpeakingJAWSNarratorNVDATalkBackVoiceOver for iOSVoiceOver for macOS
MUST convey not convey the link role or convey as a placeholder linknonesupportednonesupportedsupportedsupportedpartial (2/3)
MUST convey the name of the placeholder linknonesupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported
MUST NOT provide shortcuts to jump to placeholder linksnot applicablepartialsupportedsupportedsupportedsupportedsupported

The screen reader MUST convey not convey the link role or convey as a placeholder link

Rationale: Since the link does not go anywhere, user needs to know that the link is not functional.

ATBrowserHas Support
Dragon Naturally SpeakingGoogle Chromenone
JAWSGoogle Chromesupported
JAWSInternet Explorersupported
JAWSFirefox (desktop)supported
NarratorMicrosoft Edgenone
NVDAGoogle Chromesupported
NVDAFirefox (desktop)supported
TalkBackGoogle Chrome (android)supported
VoiceOver for iOSSafari (iOS)supported
VoiceOver for macOSSafari (macOS)partial (2/3)

This expectation is referenced by 3 tests.

Tests that reference this expectation
test namehas support
HTML links example 6 - A placeholder link by itselfpartial (22/29)
HTML links example 7 - A placeholder link in a paragraphpartial (23/29)
HTML links example 8 - A placeholder link that wraps many elementspartial (23/29)

The screen reader MUST convey the name of the placeholder link

Rationale: A placeholder link should be conveyed as static text.

ATBrowserHas Support
Dragon Naturally SpeakingGoogle Chromenone
JAWSGoogle Chromesupported
JAWSInternet Explorersupported
JAWSFirefox (desktop)supported
NarratorMicrosoft Edgesupported
NVDAGoogle Chromesupported
NVDAFirefox (desktop)supported
TalkBackGoogle Chrome (android)supported
VoiceOver for iOSSafari (iOS)supported
VoiceOver for macOSSafari (macOS)supported

This expectation is referenced by 3 tests.

Tests that reference this expectation
test namehas support
HTML links example 6 - A placeholder link by itselfpartial (22/29)
HTML links example 7 - A placeholder link in a paragraphpartial (23/29)
HTML links example 8 - A placeholder link that wraps many elementspartial (23/29)

The screen reader MUST NOT provide shortcuts to jump to placeholder links

Rationale: Since a placeholder link is not actionable, it will not be included in shortcuts to jump to links

ATBrowserHas Support
Dragon Naturally SpeakingGoogle Chromenot applicable
JAWSGoogle Chromepartial
JAWSInternet Explorerpartial
JAWSFirefox (desktop)partial
NarratorMicrosoft Edgesupported
NVDAGoogle Chromesupported
NVDAFirefox (desktop)supported
TalkBackGoogle Chrome (android)supported
VoiceOver for iOSSafari (iOS)supported
VoiceOver for macOSSafari (macOS)supported

This expectation is referenced by 3 tests.

Tests that reference this expectation
test namehas support
HTML links example 6 - A placeholder link by itselfpartial (22/29)
HTML links example 7 - A placeholder link in a paragraphpartial (23/29)
HTML links example 8 - A placeholder link that wraps many elementspartial (23/29)